Unmanned Aircraft can help farmers and agronomists identify and assess damage to crops from both adverse weather conditions (eg floods) and from enemies and diseases (mainly in arable crops). They may also be useful in weed management (location, extension, density to better address them).
Their operation allows image acquisition with high resolution and thus are able to help to take measures based on visual estimation.
Furthermore they can be used in special cases to replace common spray systems.
There is the possibility of spraying crops with the new Agras MG-1 drone sprayer:
Foliar fertilizers (nourishment - treatment of potatoes).
Plant protection products under the terms and conditions of Law 4036/2012
Under existing legislation
The necessary conditions for the authorization of pesticide application are:
(a) There are no viable alternatives, or there are clear benefits in terms of limited impact on human health and the environment compared to terrestrial pesticide application.
(b) The pesticides used are expressly authorized for aerial spraying by the Department of Plant Production Protection of the Ministry of Rural Development and Food following a specific assessment of the risks of aerial spraying.
(c) The operator carrying out the aerial spraying shall be provided with the certificate referred to in Article 19 (2). During the transitional period, if the certification schemes are not yet in place, the Department of Plant Protection Protection of the Ministry of Rural Development and Food may accept other proofs of sufficient knowledge .
(d) The company responsible for aerial spraying shall obtain a certificate from the competent authority in Greece for the approval of aircraft and aircraft for the application of pesticides by air.
(e) If the area to be sprayed is located near areas open to the public, the implementation by air of implementation includes specific risk management measures to ensure that there are no adverse health effects to those who happen to be nearby. The area to be sprayed can not be near residential areas.
(f) From 2013 onwards, aircraft shall be equipped with components using the best available technology to limit the movement of the spraying cloud.
Benefits of spraying crops using drones
Spraying higher crops (eg maize)
Access to difficult terrain
Spray under or around the power lines
Reduced environmental risks